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Job opportunities exist throughout the region, not just in Christchurch

Much of Canterbury was only lightly impacted by the recession, with Selwyn District rated as New Zealand’s best performing territorial authority in 2010 against a range of social and economic indicators, and with Ashburton, Waimakariri, and Hurunui ranked in the top ten. Some districts were not directly affected by the earthquakes.

The outflow of people from Christchurch in to other areas in Canterbury following the earthquakes has stimulated businesses elsewhere in Canterbury. There may be long-term gains for some of these areas as people migrate from the city into rural areas and outlying towns, stimulating employment growth that was previously in decline. However, once the Christchurch rebuild gains momentum, the flow of workers into the city may hinder regional economic development outside of Christchurch and constrain growth in agriculture.

Agriculture is central to the Canterbury economy, creating seasonal work opportunities throughout the region, with some farms or vineyards desperate for low-skilled workers. Major irrigation developments will further expand agricultural output and employment opportunities across the region.

Wages rates are increasing, particularly in construction

As workers from other industries are drawn toward rebuild activities, there will be some small generalised increases in wages within the region as other sectors seek to retain labour. This was the experience of the mid-2000s construction boom when construction workers were sourced from other sectors including the manufacturing sector.

Construction sector wage growth in Canterbury continues to be stronger than in the rest of New Zealand:

Opportunity Canterbury graph3

Canterbury Economy and Labour Market

Canterbury Economy outlook

CERA publishes an overview of the region’s economic performance along with monthly indicators. These are available from cera.govt.nz/economic-indicators.

As at end-October 2012, estimates of economic activity continue to suggest strong regional growth. Consumer spending is continuing to rebound and the services industry is growing, although the pace of growth appears to be slowing. Additionally, further employers have returned to the Christchurch central city.

There has also been a significant increase in building consents issued in greater Christchurch. A new indicator – the CERA Building Consents Index – illustrates that there has been very high growth in residential and non-residential building consents. In fact, more residential building consents for new dwellings, by number and value, were issued in Canterbury than Auckland during August 2012. This is only the second time that this has happened since publicly available records for these regions began in 1991. The first time that this occurred was in January this year.

At the same time, however, international trade has recently decreased slightly. In particular, the value of exports and imports going through Lyttelton Port have decreased in the last month. The Lyttelton Port Company has also announced a forecast 17% reduction in its 30 June 2013 coal volumes.

Nonetheless, the net outlook remains positive, with agricultural indicators remaining robust. The amount of jobs advertised in Canterbury remains very high and well above national trends.

Population

The number of people leaving the Canterbury region has eased and is now at a similar level to before the September 2010 earthquake.

Statistics New Zealand’s annual regional population estimates show, for Canterbury, that, in the last 12 months (in the year to June):

  • The population loss in Canterbury and Christchurch is slowing.
  • Christchurch’s population fell by 4,600 (1.2 percent) in the year ended 30 June 2012, while Selwyn district has experienced the largest population growth for any territorial authority, expanding by 2.9% in the year.
  • Canterbury region’s population decreased by 1,800 people (0.3 percent).
  • In the past 2 years, Canterbury’s population under 20 has fallen by 5.7 percent while the population aged 35-49 has fallen by 5.5 percent. This suggests an outflow of children and their parents from the region over the period. For more information click here.

Interestingly, the older population seems to be staying put, with the population aged 65+ increasing by 5.3% over the past 2 years.

Canterbury labour market

New Zealand’s domestic recovery is expected to accelerate as the Canterbury rebuild ramps up. This will lead to a steady improvement in the labour market, with moderate employment growth in the short-term.

Demand for labour is growing

The Canterbury region will need a broad pool of workers to sustain the construction work. Advertised vacancies in the Canterbury region have increased dramatically over the past 18 months (see Figure 1), compared to other regions. Some of this increase will be due to new jobs being created and some due to turnover as a result of people leaving the region.

Opportunity Canterbury graph1

Growth in job vacancies in Canterbury was driven by the construction and engineering industry (up by 108.4%) as the Canterbury rebuild continues to boost demand for workers.

Occupations in demand

The Canterbury rebuild will require many thousands of additional construction workers at its peak. The most in demand construction-related occupations are carpenters and joiners, paint trade workers, plasters and concreters.

The rebuild is likely to occur over many years. Such factors as continued aftershocks have reduced the prospects of a quicker rebuild. The largest component of the construction effort relates to rebuilding and repairing the many thousands of residential properties. The extensively damaged CBD may also take many years to rebuild. In contrast, land remediation and infrastructure repair are well underway. Both will require fewer, more specialised workers.

While construction workers dominate the required labour pool, a wider pool of talent is required.
This supporting cast includes support staff and services workers. The economic stimulus that will follow the arrival of new workers will in turn drive employment growth in other sectors like hospitality.
There are early signs of that upturn in the growth in vacancies across industries in Canterbury, as shown in Figure 2.

Opportunity Canterbury graph2